There are many interview boards/ selection committees for the purpose of interviewing candidates for jobs under the government, the Autonomous bodies set up by government and semi - government bodies , Public Sector Undertakings, large Private companies and area-specific local companies. Each have different job profile and though they assess more or less the same qualities in an individual through an interview, they often have different qualifications fixed for them.
1) Staff Selection Commission & Public Service Commission :
The Central Government recruits its personnel through UPSC (Gazetted Officers) and through SSC (Non-Gazetted Officers). The UPSC conducts Civil Service Examination in which recruitment's are made to Indian Police Service, Indian Administrative Service, Post and Telegraphs, Audit and Accounts, Indian Foreign Service, Revenue Service, Railways, Customs , Excise, Indian Information Service and other group 'B' section officer grade services. The civil services examination is a three stage exam with preliminary test followed by written exam and then interview.
ii) The UPSC also conducts examination/ interview for Engineering Service, Indian Forest Service, Economic Service, Combined Medical Service, National Defense Academy, Combined Defense Service. The UPSC many a time advertise for different odd posts in Central Government and different Union Territories and straightaway call for an interview. These are mainly the senior level positions and not for fresh graduates/ post graduates without experience.
iii) There are several state public service commission which conducts examinations for selection to state specific Government services at group 'B' and 'C' level. The jobs includes state civil services and education, engineering, medicine services etc. of the state government.
2) Government Autonomous Bodies :
There are several institutes like CSIR (Scientific and Industrial Research) and ICAR (Indian Council of Agriculture Research) which recruits their group 'A' staff through recruitment boards constituted by these bodies. The technical and other group 'B' and group 'C' staff are mostly recruited by the different units of these autonomous bodies at local level.
Then there are central and state universities having colleges which recruit personnel, both teaching and non- teaching. The non-teaching staff is recruit through the local level examination and for the teaching the staff is recruited through the UGC guidelines through National Eligibility test and then interview.
3) Railways :
The railways recruit the Non-gazetted employees through different Railway Recruitment Boards, presently functioning at the nine railways zone headquarters. The posts are mainly of Assistant Station Masters, Drivers, Mechanics and similar ones. The advertisement keep on coming around the year.
4) SSC (Staff Selection Commission) :
The SSC holds the following examinations :
i) Clerk's Cadre Examination.
ii) Inspectors of Central Excise, Income Tax, etc. examinations
iii) Stenographers' Grade 'C' examination
iv) Stenographers' Grade 'D' examination
v) Auditors/ UDC/ Divisional Accounts etc. examination.
vi) Assistant's grade examination
vii) Police Sub-Inspectors' Examination
viii) Investigators Examination
ix) Transmission Executive Examination
x) Assistants' Grade Examination
xi) Teachers in Municipal Corporation of Delhi
xii) Hindi Translators' Examination
xiii) Senior Observers' Examination
5) Private Sector Companies :
There are some nationally and internationally reputed Indian Private Concerns, namely Reliance, Tata Iron and Steel Company Ltd( TISCO), Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Wipro, Infosys etc. They mostly avoid written examination as part of their selection procedure and either recruit through campus interviews or through open interviews. The pay/ perks are negotiable and rise/ promotion in the organisation is entirely depends upon the performance of the individual. With globalisation several international organisations have set up branches in India. They are Hyundai, Daewoo, Pepsi, Coca-Cola etc. Recruitment in them is generally through campus interviews. Besides, several domestic financial institutions like ICICI, IDBI etc. in the market.
6) Local Companies :
With the opening up of economy, several companies in the service sector, dotcoms, coaching institutes, Internet services and other small manufacturing units have come up. They and other local companies advertise in newspapers for different job positions like Medical Representatives, Sales Manager, Computer Operator, Receptionist etc. Selection in them are mostly through walk -in interview.